Currently, the structural/mechanical systems monitoring is carried out either offline or initially during installation. Thus, the lack of online health monitoring facilities leads to increased downtime for the turbine and decreased life span of the components (e.g., blades, drives, power electronic converters) of the wind turbine. This makes wind turbines a less reliable source of power generation as compared to conventional sources (e.g. coal or gas). The proposed project is an unprecedented cross-disciplinary (mechanical, civil, electrical engineering and computer science) effort to understand the role played by cutting edge technologies such as smart materials and damage mechanics, signal processing and semi-active controls along with emerging technologies such as WSN in shaping the wind turbine technology as a competitive alternative and renewable energy generator in an area where Europe is a growing market.